Every hour, measurements were taken from both distillers via an electronic card (Ardunio card) and it was connected to a PC. The water temperature of conventional solar still with different concentration of nanofluids improved by 3 and 5% for CuO, 4.2 and 6% for TiO 2 and, 3 and 7% for Al O 3. 3121 Conventional Single Slope Solar Still with PCM A systematic diagram of a from BIOLOGY 21 at IIT Kanpur Better materials improve efficiency. The CSS was manufactured and operated under the climatic condition of El Oued, Algeria. Experiments were carried out on three stills: the first distiller is conventional solar still with black painted walls (CSS-BPW); the second distiller is conventional solar still with reflective aluminium foil sheet walls (CSS-RAFW); and the third distiller is conventional solar still with reflective glass mirror walls (CSS-RGMW).

This experimental work mainly concentrates on the importance of water depth ( d w) and mass flow rate of water ( m w) in the solar still. The effect of magnetic field on the performance improvement of a conventional solar still: a numerical study Author: Mohammad Mehdizadeh Youshanlouei, Saber Yekani Motlagh, Hossein Soltanipour Source: Environmental science and pollution research 2021 v.28 no.24 pp. Copy to clipboard. The turning hollow cylinder speed of 1 rpm was selected as the best possible rotation. The gap of 0.2 m between the sides of the tray and wooden box is filled with saw dust.

Two conventional solar stills of the same size (0.5 x 0.5 m) were tested for 8 hours.

In the experimental investigation, The setup comprises of a wooden box with an area of 1.1 1.1 m2 and height 0.61 m in one end and 0.4 m at the other end. The yield of freshwater from the MSS with the convex lenses is comparatively higher than that of the conventional SS (26.64%). Omara et al. For the sake of experiments, two conventional single slope type solar stills with the similar technical details were fabricated in-house, and named as conventional solar still with black paint (CS-BP) and conventional solar still with nano-doped black paint (CS-NDBP). The schematic diagram of the conventional single slope basin type solar still is shown in figures (1). A single sheet of plastic can replace the branches and leaves. Introduction A conventional greenhouse solar still coupled with a flat-plate solar collector and photovoltaic (PV) system was built and tested. 31778-31791 ISSN: 0944-1344 Subject: A 4 mm thickness glass cover was used for each solar still. Between 1974 and 1992, the countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) spent, for example, $168 billion on nuclear energy R&D and only $22 billion on R&D in . This work discusses the increase water evaporation rate in a conventional solar still, by reducing the thermal inertia, and the increase in productivity of a Conventional Solar Still, CSS, by wicking. This work is an experimental investigation on the effect of incorporating a passive built-in condenser into a conventional solar still daily productivity rate. This paper reported the experimental testing of a triangular and conventional basin solar still (TBSS and CBSS). Greater efficiency arises because the plastic is waterproof, preventing water vapour . In the present endeavor, a conventional single-slope solar still has been modified to improve its performance by coupling it with a novel nanofluid-based volumetric absorption solar collector (NBVASC). A solar still in which charcoal functions both as heat absorber medium and as wick has been constructed. The conventional solar still with single glass (CSSSG) (reference) and the conventional solar still with double glass (CSSDG) were the objects of our study. A conventional solar still is a common solar device used for altering abundant saline and brackish water into potable water. Square and triangular absorber with the same area of 0.25 m<sup>2</sup> with square and triangular glass cover for condensation was fixed . On the economic and space constraints the new model is more efficient for 75 and 50%, respectively than a conventional solar still. If you know it takes 10,700 kilowatt hours each year to power your home, divide that by the production ratio of your solar panels and their wattage output. The net basin horizontal effective area of each solar still was 1 m (1m x 1m). Outdoor experimentation has been performed for the active single slope. Experimental result. Non-conventional solar stills with charcoal particles as absorber medium Mona M. Naima. This drawback is diminished by reducing the height of the basin as well as hemispherical shape . ( 2020b) conducted the experiments on the conventional solar still (CSS) with a simple external mirror. Wait 24-48 hours. solar radiation, using the concept of solar fraction inside a conventional single slope solar still by using simulation model for a given solar azimuth, altitude and latitude angles and longitude of the place. A comparative analysis of the performance and yield of the MSS with convex lenses and the conventional single slope SS were carried out for the same climatic condition of Tanta (Egypt). Example: solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy, tidal energy, etc. water production of a conventional solar still by applying simple and feasible technological improvements . Conventional acrylic solar still with fins produced maximum hourly output of 1 . Keywords The size is dependent on the quantity of water required. The following numerical analysis . About. [8] made a experimental study based on the n comparison between a stepped solar still with and without internal reflectors and compared it with a conventional solar still. A low-cost and thermally stable nanofluid (prepared by dispersing functionalized carbon soot nanoparticles extracted from used engine oil into paraffin oil) having high solar weighted . One still is priced as an SSR. 3- Uniform temperature and water film thickness along each . The still is 100cm long, 70cm wide, 10cm deep and made of 2.5cm thick Ferro-cement materials which is covered with transparent glass of The glass cover slope angle for all solar stills was set up at 32.5 with respect to the horizontal. | | ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. For this experimentation, two geometrically similar CSS with 1 m. The enhancement of solar stills performances and improving their productivity are the main . The conventional solar still is constructed using galvanized steel of 1.6 mm thickness in which the base of the solar still is made of a steel box of 600 mm length and 600 mm breadth. The ideal orientation is facing the equator. The experimental results revealed that the daily production was equal to 4.84 L/m 2 /day with the reflecting mirror. For a single-effect still, efficiency is defined as the ratio of latent heat energy of the condensed water to the total amount of solar energy incident on the still. The first solar still, conventional solar still and the second solar still modification. Temperature profiles of the glass cover . Khechekhouche et al. For comparison purposes, a conventional (single-glass cover) solar still with the same dimension was also designed and fabricated. 3121 Conventional Single Slope Solar Still with PCM A systematic diagram of a from BIOLOGY 21 at IIT Kanpur Water depth inside the conventional still varied from 0.02 to 0.06 m whereas, water is constantly flown with a mass flow rate of 8.33 kg/hour in an ISS with baffles. Although, the Solar Roof is quite an expensive product and still not as efficient as conventional solar panels. The fins increase the area of the absorber plate; hence, the absorber plate temperature and saline water temperature increase. 2- Dust and dirt on a glass cover of the solar still are negligible. The evaporative, convective, and radiative heat transfer coefficient of water-glass has been calculated. There are two types of shingles used in the final product design: the active ones, those which produce electricity, and the inactive ones . Solar still production is a function of solar energy (insolation) and ambient temperature. Figure 1 (Wrigley Institute Water Bill): The orange and blue lines indicate the water mandates while the purple and yellow represent the amount of water used by the Wrigley Institute in 2016 and 2017. Secure the edges of the plastic sheet with rocks and dirt to prevent the escape of moisture. Water depth inside the conventional still varied from 0.02 to 0.06m whereas, water is constantly flown with an mass flow rate of 8.33kg/hr in inclined solar still with baffles. Abstract. An experimental analysis of conventional solar still (CSS) and solar-powered fountain when placed in Conventional Solar Still has been carried out and reported in this research article. Solar stills distill water using the two main scientific principles of the water cycle - evaporation and condensation. Solar basin and absorber are made of glass and a polyethylene cover, respectively, with an area of 0.25 m<sup>2</sup>. The conventional type solar desalination still with thermocol insulation at 0.5 and 1 cm depth yields are 1.665 and 1.171 l/m2/day, respectively, and the proposed solar desalination still with water film cooling over glass cover and HNFC insulation at 0.5 and 1 cm depth yields are 2.253 and 1.420 l/m2/day, respectively. It is observed that the increment in overall efficiency of modified still is 17.3%. The turning hollow cylinder speed of 1 rpm was selected as the best possible rotation. The corresponding values of the stills with 5 mm-diameter balls and aluminum foils are 31.41 and 14.87%, respectively.

Similarly, the . It is regarded by many investigators as one of the important methods of utilizing solar energy to solve water scarcity problems, especially in remote areas and on a small scale production. Also modied still is more economical than the conventional still. Residential solar panels are about 15 square feet (5' tall X 3' wide), so 11 square feet (or 1 square meter) of conventional solar panel cost about $124. For the current study, single-basin single-slope conventional solar still and a modified single-basin single-slope solar still with inbuilt condenser and agitator were designed and fabricated. The earliest known examples date to 1551 when Arab alchemists used such stills. Conventional solar still is a simple device uses solar energy to produce fresh water from brackish or sea water. In this experimental work, the phosphate bed was used to augment a Conventional Solar Still (CSS) yield. The first use of solar still has reported way back in 1872 by Wilson [4], for supplying potable water to the nitrate mining society. In the paper, conventional type single slope solar still (SSSS) has an integrated flat plate collector (FPC) arrangement. Coal: It is a fossil fuel and most abandon conventional Sources of Energy.

modified solar still, enough potable water per person can be produced when compared to conventional solar still. The modified still was designed with an inbuilt condenser and an agitator to agitate the basin water. For example, 10,700/1.3/350 = 23.51, which means you will need 23 to 24 solar panels. The maximum exergy destruction of the basin, water, and glass for the conventional acrylic solar still with fins are 655.206, 83.35, and 90.48 W/m 2 , respectively, and conventional acrylic solar still without . 1- The solar distillery unit is vapor and water leakage proof. The dirty water is left to sit in the sun, allowing it to absorb solar energy. polythene cover spread over wet sand around solar Tripathi and Tiwari [13] analyzed the distribution of still -3 (S-3). Abstract -This work presents the development of a flexible, efficient, robust and low cost single solar still. This will prevent the side Many researchers have presented optimizing or redesigning structures which have been tested theoretically and experimentally. Similarly, the effect of modification in the SS . Demand for fresh water increases day by day. The results show that the use of sand as energy storage in cuboidal boxes the yield of solar still has improved by 145% than that of conventional single slope solar still. The CSS was manufactured and operated under the climatic condition of El Oued, Algeria. The conventional solar still gives 2.252 kg of distillate while modified solar still yields 2.645 kg of portable water. Due to its minor productivity, it is not widely used. In addition, another method to enhance the performance of conventions solar still is to add fins in the basin to decrease the preheating time essential for evaporating the still basin water. (2013) investigated a triangular pyramid solar still with latent heat energy storage. In this paper the performance of active sustainable solar still was studied. In this experimental work, the phosphate bed was used to augment a Conventional Solar Still (CSS) yield. The total exergy loss and exergy efficiency of the hybrid system is found to be 0.224 W and 29.6%, respectively. COMPARATIVE STUDY ON DISTILLATE OUTPUTS Solar still act as one of the most economical way of converting saline water into fresh water. DESIGN STUDY OF A MULTIWICK-CUM-CONVENTIONAL SOLAR STILL-CUM-SOLAR HOT WATER SYSTEM: International Journal of Solar Energy: Vol 17, No 2-3 Skip to Main Content $124. Also energy efficiency, exergy destruction of basin, water, and glass has been determined. The yield rate is much improved for this type of still when compared to single-slope conventional solar still. It has been found that solar still with a built-in condenser gives about 16.7% higher production rate as compared to the conventional solar still. Yup, you read that right. View COMPARATIVE STUDY ON DISTILLATE OUTPUTS OF PYRAMID AND CONVENTIONAL SOLAR STILL DESIGN.docx from ME THESIS at Mindanao State University - General Santos. Results from experiments in two different days show that wicking increased the productivity of a CSS, from 17.1 to 19.5%.

The glass is mounted over the still at an angle of 30. The enhancement of solar stills performances and improving their productivity are the main . On the other hand, the results reveal improvement in productivity of 17.54%, 48.61%, and 55.69% with cases II, III, and IV, respectively. The solar still basin plate is mounted at the height of 550 mm at the top and 200 mm at the bottom. About 70% of the planet is covered in water, yet of all of that, only around 2% is fresh water, and of that 2%, about 1.6% is locked up in polar ice caps and glaciers. Later on many engineers and researchers have worked on these basin-type solar stills which are commonly known as conventional solar stills (CSS) [5,6]. Cited by. In this article the performance of conventional solar still is compared with that of modified solar still in which metal matrix structures are used as a sensible heat storage media, thus it saves the excess energy produced during day time Non-conventional solar stills Part 2. Now we discuss the importance of the sources of Conventional Energy. The total yield from the solar still with and without energy storage materials was found to be 5.1 and 1.9 kg/m2day respectively. The following numerical analysis . The still presents a 15% improvement in productivity over wick-type stills, is cheap, simple. modified solar still, enough potable water per person can be produced when compared to conventional solar still. A number of basin-type solar still plants having areas greater than 100 m2 are in operation in many parts of the world. Keywords Although stills with energy storage units exhibited higher exergy efficiency, the presence of fins in the PCM . Place a small rock in the center of the sheet, just above the water container. Buy this . Conclusion It has been shown that charcoal granules can be used as absorber medium successfully instead of wick-type, black butyl rubber, or asphaltic absorbers. A solar still can be constructed with 2-4 stones, plastic film or transparent glass, a central weight to make the funnel and a container for the condensate. It acts as a mechanism to separate pure water from the impurities. A conventional basin type solar still (BSS) is designed and constructed in previous year using locally available materials. Solar stills have been used for hundreds of years. A SolAqua solar still produces about 0.8 liters of purified water per sun-hour (i.e. The modified still is called as solar still with in-built condenser and agitator (SSICA). The experimental result shows that the modied still enhanced the distillate productivity as twice as compared to the conventional still. The basin is made of aluminum composite panel (ACP) with a high side of 459 m and a low side of 200 mm, the bottom of the basin is painted black to maximize the absorption of solar energy. Experimental investigations were carried out on two single slope solar stills: a modified solar still with variable collector/inclination angle (still A), and a conventional solar still with rigid angle of collec-tor/inclination (still B). Experimental Study on Conventional and stepped solar still @article{Chaubey2017ExperimentalSO, title={Experimental Study on Conventional and stepped solar still}, author={Vikas Chaubey and Vinay Kumar Yadav}, journal={Journal of emerging technologies and innovative research}, year={2017} } V. Chaubey, V. Yadav; Published 1 August 2017; Engineering The results indicated that the lenses focus the solar radiation to the water placed in the basin and increase the waterglass temperature difference (T w - T g). The results showed that the use of latent heat energy storage improved . @misc{etde_7985965, title = {On the nocturnal production of a conventional solar still using solar pre-heated water} author = {Sartori, E, and Jaguaribe, E F} place = {Germany} year = {1987} month = {Jan}} However, it is about 3.40 L/m 2 /day in the CSS.

3, CuO and TiO 2 on conventional solar still.

It is regarded by many investigators as one of the important methods of utilizing solar energy to solve water scarcity problems, especially in remote areas and on a small scale production. A single basin single slope conventional solar still (CSS) and a modified solar still whose performances are to be compared were fabricated.

In the present work, for the conventional solar still the basin water height is (1 cm), and (2 cm) for the modified solar still was selected as a compromise quantity of water adheres to the two surfaces of a hollow cylinder. A shadow effect creates a small amount of shadow to fall over the water surface during in the morning time as well as in the evening time. The maximum productivity of the conventional solar still was found to be 3.25 L/m 2 /day. A conventional solar still consists of a basin liner (usually blackened to absorb more radiations), a transparent cover (usually glass), a distillate channel to collect the distilled water,. This involves a long process that takes place over a long period of time at least 200 years. The thermal efficiency of the highest productivity solar still is 27.81%. According to their results, the daily productivity of the modified stepped solar still by the use of internal solar still is recognized long back as a simple low cost device. Also modied still is more economical than the conventional still. The results show that the effect of nanoparticles improves the yield of freshwater from conventional solar still. Push down the weight gently until the sides slope to an angle of 45 o. The experimental results show that the productivity of solar still with 10 mm-diameter balls is higher than that of the conventional solar still by 38.07%. The base area of the still was 1 m2 (i.e., 1 m length by 1 m width) and the cover of the still was made an angle of 23.4 degree with the horizontal optimized for 23.37 N latitude of Muscat. Thus, production rates in the Southwest U.S. can average about 3 liters per day in the winter (4 kWh/m2/day) to over 6 liters per day during the summer (8 kWh/m2 .